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|Zamboanga del Norte|
|Province of Zamboanga del Norte|
Provincial Capitol in Dipolog City
Location in the Philippines
|Region||Zamboanga Peninsula (Region IX)|
|Founded||June 23, 1635 and June 6, 1952|
|• Type||Sangguniang Panlalawigan|
|• Governor||Roberto Y. Uy (LP)|
|• Vice Governor||Senen O. Angeles (LP)|
|• Total||7,301.00 km2 (2,818.93 sq mi)|
|Area rank||9th out of 81|
|Highest elevation (Mount Dabiak)||2,600 m (8,500 ft)|
|Population (2015 census)|
|• Rank||26th out of 81|
|• Density||140/km2 (360/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||60th out of 81|
|• Independent cities||0|
|• Component cities|
|• Districts||3 districts of Zamboanga del Norte|
|Time zone||PHT (UTC+8)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)65|
|ISO 3166 code||PH|
Zamboanga del Norte, officially the Province of Zamboanga del Norte, (Subanon: Utara Sembwangan, Cebuano: Amihanang Zamboanga, Chavacano: Provincia de Zamboanga del Norte, Filipino: Hilagang Zamboanga) is a province in the Philippines situated within the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. Its capital is Dipolog City and the province borders Zamboanga del Sur and Zamboanga Sibugay to the south, Misamis Occidental to the east, and the Sulu Sea to the west.
Zamboanga del Norte is the largest province of the Zamboanga Peninsula region by land area covering 7,301.00 square kilometres (2,818.93 sq mi). Zamboanga del Norte is the 26th populous province in the Philippines.
Prior to its creation as a province, Zamboanga del Norte formed the northern portion of the historical province of Zamboanga.
The early history of Zamboanga del Norte is shared with that of Zamboanga City, which had been the center of the entire Mindanao area, most notably during the American era. When Zamboanga City became a chartered city on October 12, 1936, it encompassed the southern tip of the Zamboanga Peninsula and the island of Basilan, making it the largest city in the world in terms of land area.
Through Republic Act No. 711 issued on June 6, 1952, Zamboanga province was divided into two independent provinces, which included Zamboanga del Sur.
Zamboanga del Norte covers a total area of 7,301.00 square kilometres (2,818.93 sq mi) occupying the northern portion of the Zamboanga Peninsula in western Mindanao. The province is bordered on the north and west by the Sulu Sea, on the northeast by Misamis Occidental, and on the south by Zamboanga del Sur and Zamboanga Sibugay.
It has an average elevation of 243.8 metres (800 ft), with Mount Dabiak in Katipunan as the highest peak at 2,600 metres (8,500 ft). Other parts, near the coastlines, are plains. The province's irregular coastline runs some 400 kilometres (250 mi) from north to south.
Zamboanga del Norte has a mild and moderate climate due to evenly distributed rainfall throughout the year. Its southern portion has a longer dry season.
|Climate data for Zamboanga del Norte|
|Average high °C (°F)||30.4
|Average low °C (°F)||21.8
|Average rainy days||15||10||8||7||10||17||16||16||14||16||17||16||162|
|Source: Storm247 |
Zamboanga del Norte comprises 25 municipalities and 2 cities. Dipolog City, Sindangan and Dapitan City are the top most densely populated area in the province These are further subdivided into 691 barangays, and clustered into 3 congressional districts.
On February 21, 2017, House Bill No. 5040 was introduced in the House of Representatives that seeks to carve out a new province from Zamboanga del Norte. This new province, called Zamboanga Hermosa, is proposed to consist of the 12 municipalities that make up the 3rd legislative district of Zamboanga del Norte:
|Population census of
Zamboanga del Norte
|Source: National Statistics Office|
The population of Zamboanga del Norte in the 2015 census was 1,011,393 people, with a density of 140 inhabitants per square kilometre or 360 inhabitants per square mile. Dipolog is the most populated area in the land, followed by a first class town- Sindangan, then Dapitan.
The predominant religion was Islam until the Spanish regime reign over the region and spread Christianity by the help of the church's missionary congregations like the Jesuits, Augustinians, and Dominicans. The province hailed its first martyr of faith soon to be raised as a saint in the whole Mindanao island by the name of Padre Francesco Palliola, S.J. He was a jesuit missionary from Nola, Italy and was assigned to Zamboanga Peninsula. He held missionary works in Lubungan (Katipuan), Zamboanga del Norte, Iligan, Dapitan, and met his martyrdom at the barrio of Ponot now a town of Jose Dalman. Roman Catholicism is a significant majority with about 50% adherence. The province have one diocese- the Roman Catholic Diocese of Dipolog under the Archdiocese of Ozamiz, covering the entire province. There are also followers of other Christian sects.
Members of the House of Representatives:
Governor: Roberto "Berto" Y. Uy
Vice Governor: Senen O. Angeles
About half of the province's land area is devoted to agriculture. Corn, coconut, and rice are the major crops. The province being rich in marine and mineral sources, its fish production has accelerated through the development of fishponds. Commercial fishing has steadily increased through the years, with the yellow fin tuna as the primary species.
In 2006, a study by National Statistics Coordination Board (NSCB), found Zamboanga del Norte Province to be the Philippines' poorest province with a poverty incidence rate of 64.6%, an increase from 47% in year 2000 statistical figures.
Despite of its rich and sea and land resources, it is still the poorest province incident rate of 64.6%. Large foreign mining companies operating within the province such as Canadian company TVI Resource Development and Philex Mining Corp. cause adverse effects to the culture and traditions of the indigenous Subanon and other poor settlers.
Zamboanga del Norte has issued an ordinance banning open-pit mining in the province, threatening projects of mining firms operating in the area, such as those of TVI Resource Development.
The provincial government of Zamboanga del Norte stands fast on its ban on open-pit mining and will fight in court the Canadian-mining company TVI Resources’ efforts to have the ordinance declared unconstitutional.
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