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Super liga 2017/18: 6.Kolo: RADNIK – ZEMUN 0:1 (0:1)
Super liga 2017/18: 6.Kolo: RADNIK – ZEMUN 0:1 (0:1)
Published: 2017/08/20
Channel: Superliga Srbija
Super liga 2017/18, 3. kolo, Zemun - Radnički Niš 1:2
Super liga 2017/18, 3. kolo, Zemun - Radnički Niš 1:2
Published: 2017/08/05
Channel: Sportnetwork TV
Visit Zemun - Serbia
Visit Zemun - Serbia
Published: 2016/04/11
Channel: FIRST PRODUCTION
Super liga 2017/18: 5.Kolo: ZEMUN – ČUKARIČKI 2:0 (1:0)
Super liga 2017/18: 5.Kolo: ZEMUN – ČUKARIČKI 2:0 (1:0)
Published: 2017/08/13
Channel: Superliga Srbija
Super liga 2017/18, 5. kolo: Zemun - Čukarički 2:0
Super liga 2017/18, 5. kolo: Zemun - Čukarički 2:0
Published: 2017/08/13
Channel: Sportnetwork TV
ZNACI ZEMUN!
ZNACI ZEMUN!
Published: 2013/02/21
Channel: nebojsa pavlovic
Derbi Zemun vs OFK Beograd
Derbi Zemun vs OFK Beograd
Published: 2017/05/12
Channel: Balkanski Navijaci
JSL: Mačva Šabac 1 - 0 Zemun [LIVE] [CELA UTAKMICA]
JSL: Mačva Šabac 1 - 0 Zemun [LIVE] [CELA UTAKMICA]
Published: 2017/07/29
Channel: Balkan Sport Streams
Zemun in Belgrade, Serbia
Zemun in Belgrade, Serbia
Published: 2015/12/30
Channel: Travel In My Shoes
Superliga 2017/18, 1. kolo: Mladost - Zemun 1:1
Superliga 2017/18, 1. kolo: Mladost - Zemun 1:1
Published: 2017/07/22
Channel: Sportnetwork TV
Imam Zejnullahu o rušenju džamije u Zemun Polju
Imam Zejnullahu o rušenju džamije u Zemun Polju
Published: 2017/05/26
Channel: Al Jazeera Balkans
Mačva Šabac - Zemun | UŽIVO
Mačva Šabac - Zemun | UŽIVO
Published: 2017/07/29
Channel: El Clásico
Pljacka trafike Hercegovacka Zemun 13.11.2015
Pljacka trafike Hercegovacka Zemun 13.11.2015
Published: 2015/11/13
Channel: Vlada Mijailovic
Lido Beach, Zemun (Belgrade, Serbia)
Lido Beach, Zemun (Belgrade, Serbia)
Published: 2015/07/12
Channel: ben sedin
Objektiv, 5.kolo SL 2017/18. ZEMUN - ČUKARIČKI 2:0
Objektiv, 5.kolo SL 2017/18. ZEMUN - ČUKARIČKI 2:0
Published: 2017/08/14
Channel: Sos Kanal
Super liga 2017/18: 6.Kolo: Izjave trenera nakon meča RADNIK – ZEMUN
Super liga 2017/18: 6.Kolo: Izjave trenera nakon meča RADNIK – ZEMUN
Published: 2017/08/20
Channel: Superliga Srbija
Visit of Zemun (Serbia)
Visit of Zemun (Serbia)
Published: 2009/05/28
Channel: valpard
za zemun
za zemun
Published: 2010/03/11
Channel: alexsmele
Studio Daki Full HD- Udaja Silvije -Energy bend-Dzefrina-Nikola Ajdinovic-Zemun-part 2
Studio Daki Full HD- Udaja Silvije -Energy bend-Dzefrina-Nikola Ajdinovic-Zemun-part 2
Published: 2017/08/06
Channel: Studio Daki Zemun
FULL HIGHLIGHTS | Mačva - Zemun 1:0 | Super Liga Srbije 2. Kolo | 29.7.2017.
FULL HIGHLIGHTS | Mačva - Zemun 1:0 | Super Liga Srbije 2. Kolo | 29.7.2017.
Published: 2017/07/29
Channel: AM Video7S
Bijav Ko Irfani Ki Mina Alma& Kena HD Zemun 2017
Bijav Ko Irfani Ki Mina Alma& Kena HD Zemun 2017
Published: 2017/08/22
Channel: Studio Daki Zemun
Zemun- Aca Lukas & Mance
Zemun- Aca Lukas & Mance
Published: 2009/05/01
Channel: BekiMelbourne
Navijači pred utakmicu Rad - Zemun
Navijači pred utakmicu Rad - Zemun
Published: 2017/08/09
Channel: Petar Lazic
Invazija na Karaburmu (OFK Beograd - FK Zemun) - 2016
Invazija na Karaburmu (OFK Beograd - FK Zemun) - 2016
Published: 2017/01/18
Channel: Prljave Ruke
Super liga 2017/18, 4. kolo, Rad - Zemun 2:0
Super liga 2017/18, 4. kolo, Rad - Zemun 2:0
Published: 2017/08/09
Channel: Sportnetwork TV
Bijav ko Severdzani   - Beograd - Zemun  - 15. 07. 2016.   Studio TEAM ELITE   (PART 2)
Bijav ko Severdzani - Beograd - Zemun - 15. 07. 2016. Studio TEAM ELITE (PART 2)
Published: 2016/10/24
Channel: STUDIO TEAM ELITE
Zemun vs Riga Ghetto Baskets - Full Game - Final - FIBA 3x3 Bucharest Challenger 2017
Zemun vs Riga Ghetto Baskets - Full Game - Final - FIBA 3x3 Bucharest Challenger 2017
Published: 2017/08/18
Channel: FIBA3x3
Studio Daki Zemun Full HD Bijav Bedrija Kostolac 2017 part 7
Studio Daki Zemun Full HD Bijav Bedrija Kostolac 2017 part 7
Published: 2017/08/19
Channel: Studio Daki Zemun
Studio Daki Zemun Full HD Bijav Bedrija Kostolac 2017 part 1
Studio Daki Zemun Full HD Bijav Bedrija Kostolac 2017 part 1
Published: 2017/08/18
Channel: Studio Daki Zemun
CYA, Bata Barata, Voodoo Popeye, MC Milovan-Za Zemun
CYA, Bata Barata, Voodoo Popeye, MC Milovan-Za Zemun
Published: 2008/10/29
Channel: Marko Popović
Zemun v Ulaanbaatar - Quarter-Final - Full Game - FIBA 3x3 World Tour Utsunomiya Masters 2017
Zemun v Ulaanbaatar - Quarter-Final - Full Game - FIBA 3x3 World Tour Utsunomiya Masters 2017
Published: 2017/08/03
Channel: FIBA3x3
Independent tuning show Zemun #2
Independent tuning show Zemun #2
Published: 2017/05/14
Channel: SheemCity
Novi Sad al Wahda vs Zemun - Full Game - Semifinal - FIBA 3x3 Bucharest Challenger 2017
Novi Sad al Wahda vs Zemun - Full Game - Semifinal - FIBA 3x3 Bucharest Challenger 2017
Published: 2017/08/18
Channel: FIBA3x3
FK Zemun pripreme
FK Zemun pripreme
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: Sportnetwork TV
Taurunum - Zemun olee...flv
Taurunum - Zemun olee...flv
Published: 2012/05/03
Channel: СолоМинаторе АБПД
Kula Gardoš, Zemun iz vazduha
Kula Gardoš, Zemun iz vazduha
Published: 2013/09/01
Channel: Bosko Dimitrijevic
Romski Bal Zemun 2017 1 deo FULL HD STUDIO MIRTEZ TEL -061-700-58-36
Romski Bal Zemun 2017 1 deo FULL HD STUDIO MIRTEZ TEL -061-700-58-36
Published: 2017/01/19
Channel: Studiomirtez zemun
Studio Daki Zemun Full HD Bijav Bedrija Kostolac 2017 sala 1
Studio Daki Zemun Full HD Bijav Bedrija Kostolac 2017 sala 1
Published: 2017/08/22
Channel: Studio Daki Zemun
Romski Bal Zemun 2017 part 2 FULL HD STUDIO MIRTEZ ZEMUN
Romski Bal Zemun 2017 part 2 FULL HD STUDIO MIRTEZ ZEMUN
Published: 2017/01/21
Channel: Studiomirtez zemun
STANOVI ZEMUN ALTINA 0652906292
STANOVI ZEMUN ALTINA 0652906292
Published: 2017/08/19
Channel: EKONOMIK 0652906292
Mačva - Zemun 1:0 - 28
Mačva - Zemun 1:0 - 28' Bojan Matić Strelac
Published: 2017/07/29
Channel: AM Video7S
Bijav Ko Severdjani Zemun Mladi decaci Sunaj sali oka 2014 full hd
Bijav Ko Severdjani Zemun Mladi decaci Sunaj sali oka 2014 full hd
Published: 2014/09/02
Channel: Studiomirtez zemun
Studio Daki Full HD ----Sunet---Ismet-Zemun Gazoza bend- 2016- DVD-8
Studio Daki Full HD ----Sunet---Ismet-Zemun Gazoza bend- 2016- DVD-8
Published: 2016/07/24
Channel: Studio Daki Zemun
Studio Daki Zemun Full HD Bijav Bedrija Kostolac 2017 part 2
Studio Daki Zemun Full HD Bijav Bedrija Kostolac 2017 part 2
Published: 2017/08/22
Channel: Studio Daki Zemun
Studio Daki bijav - Raza -Latino bend - Elvis Ajdinovic Zemun 14.07.2017 part 1
Studio Daki bijav - Raza -Latino bend - Elvis Ajdinovic Zemun 14.07.2017 part 1
Published: 2017/07/28
Channel: Studio Daki Zemun
Kuća na prodaju, 400m2 - Zemun - CityExpert.rs
Kuća na prodaju, 400m2 - Zemun - CityExpert.rs
Published: 2016/04/29
Channel: CityExpert
Razgolićeni grad - Zemun
Razgolićeni grad - Zemun
Published: 2015/11/27
Channel: RTS Kulturno-umetnički program - Zvanični kanal
Pokusaj pljacke trafike u ul. Nikolaja Ostrovskog - Zemun - 15.01.2016
Pokusaj pljacke trafike u ul. Nikolaja Ostrovskog - Zemun - 15.01.2016
Published: 2016/01/19
Channel: Zemunske Novine
FC ZEMUN ULTRAS "TAURUNUM BOYS" - BEST MOMENTS
FC ZEMUN ULTRAS "TAURUNUM BOYS" - BEST MOMENTS
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: UltrasAvantiTV
Hapšenje u Cara Dušana Zemun
Hapšenje u Cara Dušana Zemun
Published: 2015/02/19
Channel: Momcilo Dragisic
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Zemun
Земун
Urban neighborhood and municipality
Flag of Zemun
Flag
Coat of arms of Zemun
Coat of arms
Location of Zemun within the city of Belgrade
Location of Zemun within the city of Belgrade
Location of the city of Belgrade within Serbia
Location of the city of Belgrade within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°51′N 20°24′E / 44.850°N 20.400°E / 44.850; 20.400Coordinates: 44°51′N 20°24′E / 44.850°N 20.400°E / 44.850; 20.400
Country  Serbia
City Belgrade
Settlements 4
Government
 • Mayor Dejan Matić (SNS)
Area[1]
 • Municipality 153.56 km2 (59.29 sq mi)
Population
 • Municipality 168,170[2]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 11080
Area code +381(0)11
Car plates BG
Website www.zemun.rs

Zemun (Serbian Cyrillic: Земун, pronounced [zěmuːn]) is an urban neighborhood and one of 17 city municipalities that constitute the city of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. Zemun was a separate town that was absorbed into Belgrade in 1934. The development of New Belgrade in the late 20th century affected the expansion of the continuous urban area of Belgrade.

According to the 2011 census results, the municipality of Zemun has a population of 168,170 inhabitants.

Name[edit]

In ancient times, the Celtic and Roman settlement was known as Taurunum. The Frankish chroniclers of the Crusades mentioned it as Mallevila, a toponym from the 9th century. This was also a period when the Slavic name Zemln was recorded for the first time. Believed to be derived from the word zemlja, meaning earth, it was a basis for all other future names of the city: modern Serbian Земун (Cyrillic) or Zemun (Latin), Hungarian Zimony and German Semlin.

History[edit]

Roman Sarcophagus
Relief of a maenad, found in Zemun

The area of Zemun has been inhabited since the Neolithic period. Baden culture graves and ceramics like bowls and anthropomorphic urns were found in the town.[3] Bosut culture graves were found in nearby Asfaltna Baza.[4] The first Celtic settlements in Taurunum area originate from the 3rd century BC when the Scordisci occupied several Thracian and Dacian areas of the Danube. The Romans came in the 1st century BC, Taurunum became part of the Roman province of Pannonia around 15 AD. It had a fortress[5] and served as a harbour for the Pannonian (Roman) fleet of Singidunum (Belgrade).[6] The pen of Roman poet Publius Ovidius Naso (Ovid) was said to be found in Taurunum.[7] After the Great Migrations the area was under the authority of various peoples and states, including the Byzantine Empire, the Kingdom of the Gepids and the Bulgarian Empire. The town was conquered by the Kingdom of Hungary in the 12th century and in the 15th century it was given as a personal possession to the Serbian despot Đurađ Branković. After the nearby Serbian Despotate fell to the Ottoman Empire in 1459, Zemun became an important military outpost. In 1521, the forces of the Kingdom of Hungary, 500 šajkaši (river flotilla troops) led by Croatian Marko Skoblić, and Serbs[8] fought against the invading Ottoman army of Suleyman the Magnificent. Despite hard resistance, Zemun fell on July 12[9] and Belgrade soon afterwards.[10][better source needed] In 1541, Zemun was integrated into the Syrmia sanjak of the Budin pashaluk.

Zemun and the southeastern Syrmia were conquered by the Austrian Habsburgs in 1717, after the Ottoman defeat at the Battle of Peterwardein (5 August 1716) and through the Treaty of Požarevac (German: Passarowitz) became a property of the Schönborn family. In 1736, Zemun was the site of a peasant revolt. Its strategic location near the confluence of the Sava and the Danube placed it in the center of the continued border wars between the Habsburg and the Ottoman empires. The Treaty of Belgrade of 1739 finally fixed the border, the Military Frontier was organized in the region in 1746, and the town of Zemun was granted the rights of a military commune in 1749. In 1754, the population of Zemun included 1,900 Orthodox Christians, 600 Catholics, 76 Jews, and about 100 Romani. In 1777, the population of Zemun numbered 1,130 houses with 6,800 residents, half of which were ethnic Serbs, while another half of population was composed of Catholics, Jews, Armenians and Muslims. Among Catholic population, the largest ethnic group were Germans. From this period originates the increased settlement of Germans and Hungarians in the Zemun.

1608 painting of Ottoman Zemun
KK 9 kreuzer stamps cancelled SEMLIN ca 1850 (Banat Military Frontier)
Panoramic view of Zemun, 19th century

Zemun prospered as an important road intersection and a border city. In 1816 it was greatly expanded by mass resettlement of Germans and Serbs in the new town suburbs of Franzenstal and Gornja Varoš, respectively. In the 19th century, Zemun reached 7,089 residents and 1,310 houses. Zemun also became important in Serbian history as the refuge for Karađorđe in 1813 as well as many other people from the nearby Belgrade and the rest of Karađorđe's Serbia which fell to the Ottoman rule.

During the Revolution of 1848-1849, Zemun was one of the de facto capitals of Serbian Vojvodina, a Serbian autonomous region within Habsburg Empire, but in 1849, it was returned under the administration of the Military Frontier. With the abolishment of the Military Frontier in 1882, Zemun and the rest of Srem was included into Syrmia County of Croatia-Slavonia, which was an autonomous part of the Kingdom of Hungary and Austria-Hungary. The first railway line that connected it to the west was built in 1883, and the first railway bridge over the Sava followed shortly thereafter in 1884.

During World War I, Zemun changed hands between Serbia and Austria-Hungary, finally ending up in Serbia on November 5, 1918. The town became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later Kingdom of Yugoslavia). The inter-war period was marked by political struggle between the city gentry (organized into the Radical Party, Democratic Party and the Croatian Peasant Party) and the more socialist parties supported by the ethnic Germans.

In 1934 two intra-city bus lines were introduced connecting Zemun with the parts of Belgrade, and the general shift of attention towards this issue was supported by the growing Serbian population of Zemun. The Zemun airbases originally built in 1927 were an important geostrategic objective in the Axis invasion of April 1941. Following the surrender of Yugoslavia that same month, Zemun, along with the rest of Syrmia, was given to the Independent State of Croatia. The city was taken from Axis control in 1944, and since then, it is part of Serbian region known as Central Serbia. The city is now home of the Air force command building, a monumental edifice, situated at 12 Аvijatičarski Square in Zemun, Belgrade.

Nocturnal cityscape of Zemun's old town

Geography[edit]

View across Zemun to Belgrade

Zemun originally developed on three hills, Gardoš, Ćukovac and Kalvarija, on the right bank of the Danube, where the widening of the Danube begins and the Great War Island is formed at the mouth of the Sava river. Actually, these hills are not natural features. Zemun loess plateau is the former southern shelf of the ancient, now dried, Pannonian Sea. Modern area of Zemun's Donji Grad was regularly flooded by the Danube and the water would carve canals through the loess. Citizens would then build pathways along those canals and so created the passages, carving the hills out of the plateau. After massive 1876 floods, local authorities began the construction of the stony levee along the Danube's bank. Levee, a kilometer long, was finished in 1889. Today it appears that Zemun is built on several hills, with passages between them turned into modern streets, but the hills are actually manmade.[11]

Loess cliff "Zemun" was protected by the city on 29 November 2013. It consists of the very steep left bank of the Danube and is a typical example of the dry land loess. There are four distinguished loess horizons and four horizons of the fossil earth. The horizons developed during the warmer intervals of the glacials.[12]

The core of the city are the neighborhoods of Donji Grad, Gardoš, Ćukovac and Gornji Grad. To the south, Zemun continues into Novi Beograd with which it makes one continuous urban area (neighborhood of Tošin Bunar). In the west it extends into the neighborhoods of Altina and Plavi Horizonti and to the north-west into Galenika, Zemun Polje and further into Batajnica.

The municipality is located in the eastern Syrmia region, in the central-western section of the Belgrade City area. The urban section of Zemun is the both most northern and western section of the urban Belgrade. Zemun borders the province of Vojvodina to the west (municipality of Stara Pazova), and municipalities of Surčin to the south, Novi Beograd to the south-east and Palilula and Stari Grad across the Danube.

The Danube bank in the north is mostly marshy, so the settlements are built further from the river (Batajnica) separated from it by hillocks (up to 114 m). The city of Zemun itself was built right on the bank, 100 meters above sea level. These are points of the Zemun loess plateau, an extension of the Syrmia loess plateau, which continues into the crescent-shaped Bežanijska Kosa loess hill on the south-east. The yellow loess is thick up to 40 meters and very fertile, with rich, grass-improved, humus chernozem. The uninhabited river islands of Great War Island and Little War Island on the Danube, also belong to the municipality Zemun, too. Municipality has an area of 153 square kilometres (59 square miles).

One of the characteristics of the Zemun's topography are the lagums, artificial underground corridors which crisscrosses below the loess area of Gardoš, Muhar, Ćukovac and Kalvarija. This terrain is one of the most active landslide areas in Belgrade. Being cut into for centuries, the loess in some sections have cliffs vertical up to 90%. The Romans began digging the lagums, using them mostly as the food storages, but later were also used for supply and eventual hiding and evacuation. In the previous centuries, settlers left many vertical shafts which ventilated the lagums, drying the loess and keeping it compact. After World War II, as the city got urapidly urbanized, the new settlers were unaware of the lagums, especially the largest one, which covered an area of 450 m2 (4,800 sq ft) on Ćukovac. As there was no sufficient sewage system at that time, they built septic tanks and collected rainwater, but also as the ventilation shafts in time were covered or filled with garbage, it all made the ground wet in the course of several decades. The lagums retained the moist and began to collapse. Eventually, the walls and houses became unstable to the point of breaking façades and walls. In 1988 city authorities finally intervened as the houses began to sink in three streets. Holes were drilled to connect the surface with the largest lagum. Altogether, 22 drillings were made and 779 m3 (27,500 cu ft) of concrete were poured into the lagum, filling it until the ground was stabilized, but the lagum was destroyed in the process. Still, the situation is critical after almost every downpour. On 29 September 2011, while constructing the supporting wall which was to prevent landslide in the section of Kalvarija, the construction workers triggered one which killed four of them. A 225 m (738 ft) long lagum, which was explored by 2001, is located right below the place where the tragedy happened. So far, 76 long corridors have been discovered, with lots of smaller ones. The longest of them is 96 metres (315 ft) long and the total explored length is 1,925 m (6,316 ft). They cover an area of 4,882 m2 (52,550 sq ft). Many have collapsed during time, as they are not being kept since the 1980s.[13][14][15][16][17]

Neighbourhoods and suburbs[edit]

Map of Zemun municipality
Map of Urban local communities in Zemun municipality

The municipality has only two official settlements: (City of) Zemun, which is part of the urban Belgrade city proper (uža teritorija grada; statistically it is classified as Belgrade-part) and the village of Ugrinovci (with two hamlets of Grmovac and Busije). Many of the neighbourhoods developed in the last few decades (Altina, Plavi Horizonti, Kamendin, Grmovac, Busije, etc.).

Urban:

Suburban:

Population[edit]

City of Zemun
(present borders after 1948)
Year Pop. ±%
1921 18,528 —    
1931 28,074 +51.5%
1948 40,428 +44.0%
1953 49,361 +22.1%
1961 72,896 +47.7%
1971 109,619 +50.4%
1981 135,313 +23.4%
1991 141,952 +4.9%
2002 145,632 +2.6%
2011 157,363 +8.1%
Source: [2]
Municipality of Zemun (present borders)
Year Pop. ±%
1948 42,197 —    
1953 51,089 +21.1%
1961 74,791 +46.4%
1971 111,877 +49.6%
1981 138,591 +23.9%
1991 146,056 +5.4%
2002 152,831 +4.6%
2011 168,170 +10.0%
Source: [2]

As Zemun grew into one of the most populous neighborhoods of Belgrade, population of the municipality had a steady growth since World War II. According to the 2011 census, urban population of Zemun was 157,363, while the municipality had 168,170 inhabitants.

Ethnic structure, according to 2011 census:[18]

Administration[edit]

Flag of Zemun

The municipality of Zemun became part of the Belgrade City Area (Teritorija grada Beograda) with the division of Yugoslavia into banovinas by king Alexander I on October 3, 1929. On April 1, 1934, municipality itself was absorbed into the municipality of Belgrade, so the post of the president of the municipality of Zemun was abolished and "Zemun section administrator" was appointed to the Belgrade's city government.

In 1941-44 it was occupied by the German army as the Okupationsgebiet Ostsyrmien. Germany technically recognised Zemun and surroundings as part of the Independent State of Croatia puppet regime but Zemun remained under direct German rule.

After 1945 Zemun was administratively divided into the City of Zemun and Zemun district (srez), unlike rest of Belgrade which was divided into raions. In 1955 both City of Zemun and most of the Zemun district were incorporated into Belgrade again. In the 1950s and 1960s, municipalities of Boljevci and Dobanovci were annexed to the municipality of Surčin while Batajnica was annexed to Zemun itself. In 1965 Surčin was annexed to the municipality of Zemun which marked the largest territorial expansion of Zemun (438 km²). However, on November 24, 2003 Belgrade City assembly voted to re-create the municipality of Surčin, but it remained under the administration of Zemun until November 3, 2004, when separate municipal government was established after the local elections. A motion for Batajnica to split from Zemun too was active for a while in the early 2000s (see List of former and proposed municipalities of Belgrade).

Presidents of the municipality:

Administrator of the Zemun section:

German mayors:

  • April 13, 1941–July 1941: Johannes Moser (d. 1980)
  • July 1941–December 1941: Stefan Seifert
  • December 1941–October 1944: Johannes Moser (d. 1980)

Partisan military administrator:

Presidents of the municipal assembly:

Presidents of the municipality:

Economy[edit]



Railways in Zemun municipality
to Nova Pazova
Stara Pazova
Zemun
Batajnica
Zemun
Surčin
industrial sidings
freight bypass to Surčin
A1 motorway viaduct
13. maj
airstrip
Kamendin (proposed)
Slobodana
Bajića St.
Zemun Polje
Altina (proposed)
A3 motorway
to Dobanovci
intchg.
TPS Zemun depot
viaducts over Outer Expressway
IPM Zmaj
Zemun
Bežanija tunnel
Navip
Bežanija (abandoned)
Zemun
enlarge… New Belgrade
branch to former Zemun station
to Tošin bunar
A3 motorway to Belgrade

Zemun is one of the most developed municipalities of Belgrade, with developed industries in almost every branch. Zemun has two large and still growing industrial zones, one located along the highway and the other one along the road to Batajnica and further to Novi Sad (Galenika, Goveđi Brod, etc.). Industries include: heavy agricultural machines and appliances (Zmaj), precise and optical instruments and automatized appliances (Teleoptik), clocks (INSA), busses and other heavy vehicles (Ikarbus), pharmaceuticals (Galenika), plastics (Grmeč), shoes (Obuća Beograd), textile (TIZ, Zekstra), food, candies and chocolate (Soko Štark), metals (IMPA, Intersilver), wood and furniture (Gaj, Reprek), recycling (INOS metali and INOS papir), beverages (Coca-Cola, Navip), chemicals (Roma), building materials (DIA), electronics, leather, etc. In addition to this dozens of halls, and warehouses are built throughout both industrial zones.

Transportation[edit]

Several important roads of Serbia run through the municipality. The Belgrade-Zagreb highway, the old (Batajnički drum) and new (highway) road Belgrade-Novi Sad, the still in construction starting point (Batajnica-Dobanovci) of the future Belgrade beltway (Batajnica-Bubanj Potok), Belgrade-Novi Sad railway, etc. Until 2014, Zemun had no bridges, apart from the seasonal pontoon bridge which connects the mainland with the Great War Island during summer. The first bridge over the Danube, Pupin Bridge which connected Zemun to Borča, was completed in 2014.

In 1928, building company "Šumadija" proposed the construction of the cable car, which they called "air tram". The project was planned to connect Zemun to Kalemegdan on Belgrade Fortress, via Great War Island. The interval of the cabins was set at 2 minutes and the entire route was suppose to last 5 minutes. The project never realized.[19]

In March 2016, mayor of Belgrade Siniša Mali announced the massive reconstruction of the Old Sava Bridge.[20][21] However, in May 2017, after the project papers were publicized, it was obvious that the city actually wanted to demolish the bridge completely and build a new one. Citizens protested while the experts rejected the reasons named by the authorities, adding that it is a mere money throwing on the unnecessary project.[20][22] Mali said that the old bridge will not be demolished but moved, and that citizens will decide where, but he gave an idea to move it to Zemun, as the permanent pedestrian bridge to the Great War Island. In an article "Cloud over the Great War Island", Aleksandar Milenković, member of the Academy of Architecture of Serbia, opposed the motion. He expressed fear that having in mind the "synchronous ad hoc decisions of the administration", the reaction should be prompt as the seemingly benign idea is actually a strategically disastrous enterprise (concerning the protected wildlife on the island). He also suspects that the administration in this case, just as in all previous ones, will neglect the numerous theoretical and empirical guidelines.[23]

Batajnica Airbase with a limited civil traffic is also located in the municipality, near the Batajnica settlement.

Panoramic views[edit]

View of the Danube, seen from Zemun quay

Architecture, culture and education[edit]

View of Belgrade

White Bear Tavern is a former kafana in the neighborhood of Ćukovac. First mentioned in 1658, it is the oldest surviving edifice on the urban territory of modern Belgrade, not counting the Belgrade Fortress.[24] However, Zemun developed completely independently from Belgrade for centuries and for the most part during the history two towns belonged to two different states. Zemun became part of the same administrative unit as Belgrade on 4 October 1929,[25] lost a separate town status to Belgrade in 1934[26] and made a continuous built-up area with Belgrade only since the 1950s. Hence, the House at 10 Cara Dušana Street in Belgrade's downtown neighborhood of Dorćol is usually named as the oldest house in Belgrade,[27][28] while the White Bear Tavern is titled as the oldest house in Zemun.[29]

The faculty of agriculture of the Belgrade University is located in Zemun, as well as many other important higher schools (Internal affairs, Economics, Technics and machines, Medicine, Zemun gymnasium) and institutes (Institute for agriculture and forestry, Institute for mining, world-famous Institute for corn in Zemun Polje, Institute for livestock, Institute for the implementation of the nuclear energy in agriculture, Institute for physics). Zemun has a Homeland museum and Madlenianum Opera and Theatre.

Two of Belgrade's major hospitals-clinical centers are located in Zemun: KBC Zemun and KBC Bežanijska Kosa, as is the retirement home Bežanijska Kosa, the largest one in Belgrade. Churches include the Gardoš cemetery church and the Hariš chapel, Saint Nicholas, Saint Archangel Gabriel and two Roman Catholic churches.

Zemun is known for many squares, though almost all of them are small in size: Magistratski, Senjski, Veliki, Branka Radičevića, Karađorđev, Masarikov, etc. On one of them, the Zemun open green market is located. The bank of the Danube is turned into Zemunski Kej, a kilometers long promenade, with various entertainment facilities along it, including barges-cafés, amusement park and especially formerly largest hotel in Belgrade, Hotel Jugoslavija.

The remnants of the old town which existed during battles between Kingdom of Hungary and Byzantine Empire in the 12th century are known as Zemunski Grad (Zemun Town).[citation needed] Today visible ruins however are of the medieval fortress (angular towers and parts of the defending wall) of the 1521 Ottoman siege. The Kula Sibinjanin Janka (The tower of Janos Hunyadi) or the Millennium tower was built and officially opened on August 20, 1896 to celebrate a thousand years of Hungarian settlement in the Pannonian plain. The tower was built as a combination of various styles, mostly influenced by the Roman elements. Being a natural lookout, it was used by Zemun's firemen for decades. Today, the tower is better known after the Janos Hunyadi, who actually died in the old fortress four and a half centuries before the tower was built. In general, Gardoš is today the most recognizable symbol of Zemun. For the most part, the neighborhood preserved its old looks, with narrow, still mostly cobblestoned streets unsuitable for modern vehicles, and individual residential houses.[citation needed]

Zemun is not rich in parks. The largest one is the City park (Gradski park, built in 1880, scheduled for reconstruction in 2008 [30]) and another one is Jelovac in Kalvarija. A small park on the quay was renovated in November 2007.[31]

Sport[edit]

The most popular football club in Zemun is FK Zemun, which plays currently in the Serbian League Belgrade, and Teleoptik Zemun, which plays currently in the Serbian First league, the second tier of Serbian football league system. Teleoptik is nowadays generally considered Partizan Belgrade's farm team, with many of Partizan's youth players playing there to gain experience before being promoted to the first team. The municipality has several smaller stadiums, including those of FK Zemun, the Zemun Stadium. One of Belgrade's major sports halls, the Pinki Hall, which is Named after Boško Palkovljević Pinki, is also located in Zemun.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Zemun is twinned with:[32]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  2. ^ a b c Comparative overview of the number of population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011 – Data by settlements, page 29. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. 
  3. ^ http://www.rastko.rs/arheologija/srejovic/dsrejovic-eneolit.html
  4. ^ http://www.balkaninstitut.com/pdf/izdanja/balcanica/balcanica%2035/01%20Tasic.pdf
  5. ^ A manual of ancient and modern history ... William Cooke Taylor, Caleb Sprague Henry
  6. ^ Vespasian-Barbara Levick
  7. ^ Biographia classica: the lives and characters of the Greek and Roman classics, by Edward Harwood.
  8. ^ Rudolf Horvat (1924). "Ban Ivan Karlović". Povijest Hrvatske I. (od najstarijeg doba do g. 1657.). OCLC 560148302. 
  9. ^ Vlatko Rukavina (May 29, 2009). "Hrvatska strana Zemuna". Hrvatska revija (in Croatian). Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  10. ^ See sr:Пад Београда (1521) - Fall of Belgrade (1521) (in Serbian)
  11. ^ Miloje Jovanović Miki (2 December 2010). "Brdo Gardoš nije brdo" (in Serbian). Politika. 
  12. ^ Vladimir Vukasović (9 June 2013), "Prestonica dobija još devet prirodnih dobara", Politika (in Serbian) 
  13. ^ Lagumi
  14. ^ Lagumi
  15. ^ Nikola Belić (8 November 2011), "Klizišta nisu samo hir prirode", Politika (in Serbian) 
  16. ^ Nikola Belić (22 February 2012), "Otapanje pokreće i klizišta", Politika (in Serbian) 
  17. ^ Branka Vasiljević (9 October 2011), "Zemun ispod Zemuna", Politika (in Serbian) 
  18. ^ Stanovništvo prema nacionalnoj pripadnosti
  19. ^ Dejan Spalović (27 August 2012), "San o žičari od Bloka 44 do Košutnjaka", Politika (in Serbian) 
  20. ^ a b Dejan Aleksić, Daliborka Mučibabić (18 May 2017). "Stari savski most pada u vodu" (in Serbian). Politika. p. 1 & 16. 
  21. ^ Dijana Radisavljević (17 March 2016). "Rekonstrukcija Savskog mosta 2017 godine" (in Serbian). Blic. 
  22. ^ Adam Santovac (16 May 2017). "Peticija da se ne ruši Stari savski most" (in Serbian). N1. 
  23. ^ Dr Aleksandar Milenković (26 July 2017), "Oblak nad Velikim ratnim ostrvom", Politika (in Serbian) 
  24. ^ Daliborka Mučibabić (14 April 2012), "Kuća na Ćukovcu od 354 leta", Politika (in Serbian) 
  25. ^ Službene novine KJ br. 232/29 (Official Gazette of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, No. 232/29) (in Serbian). 1929. 
  26. ^ Miodrag A. Dabižić. Prilog prošlosti gradskog parka u Zemunu od sedamdesetih godina XIX veka do 1914. godine (A contribution to the past history of the town park in Zemun from the 1870s to 1914) (in Serbian (summary in English)). 
  27. ^ "Cultural monument - House at 10, Cara Dušana Street". Catalogue of the cultural properties in Belgrade. 
  28. ^ Milan Janković (24 May 2010), "Tajna kuće u Dušanovoj 10", Politika (in Serbian), p. 15 
  29. ^ B.Cvejić (16 October 2016), "Najstarija kuća u Zemunu", Danas (in Serbian) 
  30. ^ Politika daily, November 6, 2007, p.24
  31. ^ Beoinfo
  32. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved June 18, 2007.  Stalna konferencija gradova i opština. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.
  33. ^ "Puteaux - Qu'est-ce que le jumelage?". Mairie de Puteaux [Puteaux Official Website] (in French). Archived from the original on 2013-11-26. Retrieved 2013-12-28. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Mala Enciklopedija Prosveta, Third edition (1985); Prosveta; ISBN 86-07-00001-2
  • Jovan Đ. Marković (1990): Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6


External links[edit]

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