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Development progress of Zhob highway being developed by ZKB dated 26 Apr, 2017
Development progress of Zhob highway being developed by ZKB dated 26 Apr, 2017
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: ZKB Haripur & Pindighep
Zafar zhob  Barf bari pkg    Zafar Iqbal Khattak
Zafar zhob Barf bari pkg Zafar Iqbal Khattak
Published: 2017/01/18
Channel: zafar iqbal zafar
3 Express News Zhob
3 Express News Zhob
Published: 2016/08/30
Channel: mahmood khan
Eid Attan Zhob
Eid Attan Zhob
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: Muhammad Tahir
Zhob documentary  by Fazila Qazi (NUML University Islamabad)
Zhob documentary by Fazila Qazi (NUML University Islamabad)
Published: 2017/03/03
Channel: Fazila Qazi
Zhob N-50 Highway Being Developed By Zkb contractor
Zhob N-50 Highway Being Developed By Zkb contractor
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: civil engineering
Mohammad naeem sherani zhob.
Mohammad naeem sherani zhob.
Published: 2014/11/08
Channel: Mohammad Naeem Sherani
Malak Naseer khan Mandokhail wedding Program in Zhob . Kali Apuzai
Malak Naseer khan Mandokhail wedding Program in Zhob . Kali Apuzai
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: Sheikh jaffar khan Mandokhail
Shin Ghar Picnic Zhob Part 2
Shin Ghar Picnic Zhob Part 2
Published: 2012/09/05
Channel: AfghanArmyZhob
Zhob
Zhob
Published: 2016/03/10
Channel: Tayyab Khan
Zhob ka president Hafiz sb is on fire
Zhob ka president Hafiz sb is on fire
Published: 2015/11/22
Channel: Nadeem Khan
Khyber Tv Sailona - Killa Saifullah Zhob Pakistan
Khyber Tv Sailona - Killa Saifullah Zhob Pakistan
Published: 2013/03/29
Channel: Kakar Shah
Zhob Attan ❤
Zhob Attan ❤
Published: 2017/07/17
Channel: jsdkhan305503
FORT SANDEMAN (Zhob 2016)
FORT SANDEMAN (Zhob 2016)
Published: 2016/09/05
Channel: tnsmedialab
Chighaka by da zhob musafar page
Chighaka by da zhob musafar page
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: muhammad wazir mandokhail
Sheikh jaffar khan Mandokhail  Festival Zhob Music program song  Edit By Qutab khan Mandokhail
Sheikh jaffar khan Mandokhail Festival Zhob Music program song Edit By Qutab khan Mandokhail
Published: 2017/04/18
Channel: Sheikh jaffar khan Mandokhail
Zhob kakari
Zhob kakari
Published: 2016/03/10
Channel: Saeed Khan
Zhob bahlool
Zhob bahlool
Published: 2016/11/01
Channel: muhammad wazir mandokhail
Zhob  From  khudai Noor
Zhob From khudai Noor
Published: 2016/07/19
Channel: Khuda Noor
Zhob attan shera with friends
Zhob attan shera with friends
Published: 2016/12/02
Channel: abdul sherani
Zhob beautiful picture
Zhob beautiful picture
Published: 2012/06/05
Channel: Saddamyar
zhob gul anar football style
zhob gul anar football style
Published: 2010/10/26
Channel: tahirmandokhail
Noman Marwat Qila Saifullah Zhob Bater Shikar
Noman Marwat Qila Saifullah Zhob Bater Shikar
Published: 2013/10/22
Channel: Noman Khan
BALOCHISTAN (Zhob 2015)
BALOCHISTAN (Zhob 2015)
Published: 2015/09/23
Channel: tnsmedialab
Balochistan News || Good News From Balochistan ||  Development Projects in Balochistan & ZHOB
Balochistan News || Good News From Balochistan || Development Projects in Balochistan & ZHOB
Published: 2017/09/07
Channel: Pakistan Joli
Chighaka da zhob
Chighaka da zhob
Published: 2017/03/06
Channel: muhammad wazir mandokhail
Piercing the Heart of Giant Mountains of Zhob
Piercing the Heart of Giant Mountains of Zhob
Published: 2016/12/25
Channel: Fazal Rehman
Zhob atn
Zhob atn
Published: 2016/10/25
Channel: Bashir Kakar
Bundar zhob
Bundar zhob
Published: 2011/09/21
Channel: rczzhob
zhob history
zhob history
Published: 2012/05/13
Channel: misbah khan
Zhob silyazi documentary
Zhob silyazi documentary
Published: 2017/06/14
Channel: dr bone
ឈប់ Zhob, Zana VRHM 234
ឈប់ Zhob, Zana VRHM 234
Published: 2017/01/05
Channel: Kokmeng Lim
zhob montana sherani
zhob montana sherani
Published: 2009/05/25
Channel: sheraniz
Zhob Noorulhaq safi
Zhob Noorulhaq safi
Published: 2016/07/27
Channel: Noor Safi
Latif and khan zaman shaheed zhob
Latif and khan zaman shaheed zhob
Published: 2012/07/21
Channel: niamatmandokhail
Zhob Abdul raziq harifal da wada program
Zhob Abdul raziq harifal da wada program
Published: 2016/12/26
Channel: zhob Rauf Jaan Harifal
Zhob Aman 1
Zhob Aman 1
Published: 2010/04/04
Channel: AZS Khan
Rehmat ullah safi zhob city drama 1
Rehmat ullah safi zhob city drama 1
Published: 2012/02/18
Channel: Nasib Safi
Zhob Reporting by Nadeem khan
Zhob Reporting by Nadeem khan
Published: 2016/09/20
Channel: Nadeem Khan
Quetta To Zhob part 1 mpg Edit By Syed Abdul Rehman
Quetta To Zhob part 1 mpg Edit By Syed Abdul Rehman
Published: 2011/10/13
Channel: Abdulrehmanyaro
ZHOB
ZHOB
Published: 2016/02/17
Channel: Lal Sherani Zhob
Flood 2015 in Zhob Balochistan-Pakistan
Flood 2015 in Zhob Balochistan-Pakistan
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: قبائلی سردار _
Moin sherani Zhob song..
Moin sherani Zhob song..
Published: 2015/12/23
Channel: moin khan
zhob sigar.mp4
zhob sigar.mp4
Published: 2011/04/08
Channel: 300Asif
Rehmat ullah safi zhob city horror drama
Rehmat ullah safi zhob city horror drama
Published: 2012/02/18
Channel: Nasib Safi
Imran Khan Nasar Zhob
Imran Khan Nasar Zhob
Published: 2016/07/31
Channel: Imran Khan
Zhob abdul shera
Zhob abdul shera
Published: 2016/12/02
Channel: abdul sherani
Chighaka. By zhob musafar. Page
Chighaka. By zhob musafar. Page
Published: 2016/11/02
Channel: muhammad wazir mandokhail
Zhob attan
Zhob attan
Published: 2016/08/09
Channel: zhob best attan song 2016
Zhob song
Zhob song
Published: 2016/09/21
Channel: Masood Khan
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Zhob
ژوب
Fort Sandeman
City
A view of the city
A view of the city
Zhob is located in Balochistan, Pakistan
Zhob
Zhob
Zhob is located in Pakistan
Zhob
Zhob
Coordinates: 31°20′30″N 69°26′55″E / 31.34167°N 69.44861°E / 31.34167; 69.44861Coordinates: 31°20′30″N 69°26′55″E / 31.34167°N 69.44861°E / 31.34167; 69.44861
Country Pakistan
Province Balochistan
District Zhob District
Elevation 1,426 m (4,678 ft)
Population (1998)[1]
 • Total 22,987
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Calling code 85200
Highways N-50
Website www.zamazhob.asia

Zhob (Pashto and Urdu: ژوب‎) is a small town and district capital of Zhob District in Balochistan province of Pakistan.[2] Zhob is located on the banks of Zhob River. The city was originally named Appozai after a nearby village. During the British colonial era it was named Fort Sandeman. It obtained its current name on 30 July 1976 when the then Prime Minister of Pakistan, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto had the name changed.[3]

History[edit]

A Chinese pilgrim, Xuanzang, who visited the region in 629 AD mentioned Pashtuns living in Zhob. He also pointed out Sardar Shams uddin as the bravest man ever known to him. Sardar Shams Uddin's companion Mohammad Siddiq is also known as (Takra Sarai) of the region.[4] The prime historical importance of Zhob is having been a cradle of the Pashtuns. In the 7th century, Hiuen Tsiang, a Chinese pilgrim has described the Pashtuns as living in Zhob. Early in the 13th century the country came within the sphere of the barbaric Mongol raids organised by Genghis Khan. In 1398 AD, an expedition against the Pashtuns of the area was led by Pir Muhammad, grandson of Amir Timur. Although no authentic information exist about any foreign occupation, many forts, mounds and karezes are attributed to the Mughals. Both Nadir Shah (1736-47 AD) and Ahmed Shah Abdali (1747-73 AD) extended their power through Balochistan and thenceforth Zhob remained under the more or less nominal suzerainty of the Durranis and Barakzais until it came under British protection.

In the middle of the 18th century Ahmed Shah granted a sanad (certificate) to Bekar Nika, fourth in descent from Jogi and the head of the Jogizai family, conferring upon him the title and position of "Badshah or Ruler of Zhob". This family continued to exercise authority over the Kakars until the British were first brought into contact with them.

Until the Zhob Valley expedition of 1884 the area was practically unknown to Europeans, and in 1889 the Zhob Valley and Gomal Pass were taken under the control of the British Government.[5] In December 1889 the town of Zhob, then known as Apozai, was occupied by the British and named Fort Sandeman after Sir Robert Sandeman.

The district of Zhob was formed in 1890, with Fort Sandeman as the capital. The population was 3552, according to the 1901 census of India.[6] The military garrison included a native cavalry and a native infantry regiment. It was also the headquarters of the Zhob Levy Corps. In 1894 a supply of water from the Saliaza valley was established, allowing irrigation and planting of fruits and trees and providing drinking water. It cost a little over a lakh of rupees.

During the colonial era the Political Agent resided in a building known as "the Castle" that lay to the north of the town and 150 feet (46 m) above the surface of the plain. The military lines, bazaar, dispensaries, and school lay below. During this time the railway system was built. The nearest railway station in Baluchistan is Harnai, 168 miles (270 km) distant. Bhakkar, the railway station for Dera Ismail Khan, is 122 miles (196 km) distant. The population numbered 3,552 in 1901.

A local fund was created in 1890; the income during 1903-4 was 18,000 rupees and the expenditure 17,000 rupees. One-third of the net receipts from octroi was paid over to the military authorities. There[clarification needed] is small sanitarium, about 8,500 feet (2,600 m) above sea-level, about 30 miles (48 km) away at Shinghar on the Sulaiman range, to which resort is made in the summer months.[7]

The main tribes of Zhob are Mandokhail, Miankhel, Kakar, Sherani, Babar, Khosti, Harifal. The local tribal leaders of Zhob are, Malik Sheikh Habibullah Mandokhail Malak Muhammad Safar Khan and Sheikh Zareef Mandokhail, Sardar Shadi Khan Babar. Whereas main political dignities of Zhob are Sheikh Jaffer Khan Mandokhail, Maulana Muhammad Khan Sherani, Abdul rahim Mandokhail of PKMAP, Maulana Shamsuddin shaheed of JUI, Saleh Muhammad Khan Mandokhail of ANP, Malak Sheikh Muhammad Yar Khan of ANP, Malak Azeem khan and social dignities include Justice Balochistan High court Sheikh Jamal Mandokhail, S.P (Police) Sheikh Abdul Majeed Mandokhail, SSP Mohibullah Khan, Shaheed Dr. Ayaz khan mandokhail, Zakaria Khan Babar Director FIA and many more. Many of them are serving in various departments of government and mainly Pakistan Armed Forces. Many other including youth as well as elders in Pakistan and even abroad in foreign countries are shinning the name of Mandokhail tribe as well as other tribes too.

Zhob is also the location of a Pakistan Army cantonment. Different people migrating from Afghanistan as well as other provinces also reside in Zhob. There stay depends upon the weather of the city. main tribes migrating include Yusafzai, Tarakai, Mehsood, Wazir and even more.

Zhob district is famous for its varieties in fruits and other raw minerals present in its mountainous ranges. different tourism spots are making Zhob much important to national and even foreign tourists. Koh-e-Suleman range, Silyaze, Gatkai, Braiman, Babaran, Shin Ghar, and many more places are among the famous picnic places for local people and for tourists. The people of Zhob are very much brave and honest. They are strict in there Islamic and Local traditions and will never tolerate any outsider to interfere into their homeland zhob.

Climate[edit]

Zhob has a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh) and its rainfall is just high enough to avoid from the arid climate category found at lower elevations. Unlike most of Balochistan, Zhob does on occasions receive rainfall from the monsoon though this occurs very erratically.

Climate data for Zhob
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.8
(73)
26.0
(78.8)
32.0
(89.6)
36.1
(97)
40.0
(104)
42.8
(109)
41.7
(107.1)
40.6
(105.1)
39.6
(103.3)
35.0
(95)
29.2
(84.6)
24.4
(75.9)
42.8
(109)
Average high °C (°F) 12.8
(55)
14.4
(57.9)
20.3
(68.5)
26.7
(80.1)
32.2
(90)
36.8
(98.2)
35.9
(96.6)
35.3
(95.5)
32.9
(91.2)
27.9
(82.2)
21.4
(70.5)
15.6
(60.1)
26.0
(78.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
8.1
(46.6)
13.9
(57)
19.9
(67.8)
25.0
(77)
29.8
(85.6)
29.5
(85.1)
28.9
(84)
25.9
(78.6)
19.9
(67.8)
13.6
(56.5)
8.2
(46.8)
19.06
(66.3)
Average low °C (°F) −0.9
(30.4)
1.8
(35.2)
7.4
(45.3)
13.2
(55.8)
17.8
(64)
22.7
(72.9)
23.2
(73.8)
22.5
(72.5)
19.0
(66.2)
11.9
(53.4)
5.8
(42.4)
0.8
(33.4)
12.1
(53.8)
Record low °C (°F) −8.9
(16)
−6.7
(19.9)
−2
(28)
4.0
(39.2)
8.0
(46.4)
15.0
(59)
14.4
(57.9)
11.5
(52.7)
10.0
(50)
3.3
(37.9)
−4.4
(24.1)
−7.7
(18.1)
−8.9
(16)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18.3
(0.72)
26.2
(1.031)
48.1
(1.894)
29.9
(1.177)
14.5
(0.571)
10.5
(0.413)
48.5
(1.909)
58.9
(2.319)
10.5
(0.413)
2.9
(0.114)
3.7
(0.146)
13.0
(0.512)
285
(11.219)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 237.8 218.1 241.1 256.0 323.4 312.7 298.2 300.9 301.0 300.3 275.0 249.6 3,314.1
Source: NOAA (1961–1990)[8]

Transport[edit]

Roads[edit]

Zhob is 333 kilometres (207 mi) from Quetta and 225 kilometres (140 mi) from Dera Ismail Khan. However, the road linking with Dera Ismail Khan is for the most part a track passing through water streams and almost complete road is metalloid[clarification needed]. Quetta to Zhob National highway has been completed recently on the expenditure of 7 Billion rupees by NHA in five years in two shifts (Quetta-Killasaifulah and Killasaifulah-Zhob). Zhob has an important link with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa because it connects Balochistan with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and then with Punjab; originally it took 12 hours or more to reach Dera Ismail Khan, but now it is distance of almost 4 hours. On this route there is a heavy traffic of cargo and goods carrying vehicles to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab. The route is very convenient for transportation between Punjab and Balochistan. This road is very important for carrying goods from province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to the sea port of Karachi.

Railway[edit]

Zhob is linked by rail with the Pakistan Railways network. In 2006, the Pakistan Railways converted the narrow gauge railway track into a broad gauge. The Zhob line splits off the Chaman line north of Quetta at Bostan. A more direct route to the capital via Dera Ismail Khan and Darya Khan is also proposed. The new project will link Quetta with Peshawar via Bostan, Zhob, Dera Ismail Khan, Bannu and Kohat.[9]

Airport[edit]

The Civil Aviation Authority of Pakistan has constructed an airport at Zhob with a 6,390 feet (1,950 m). runway that links Zhob by air with the major cities of Pakistan. A Pakistan International Airlines flight operates from Quetta, linking Zhob with Multan, Dera Ismail Khan, Karachi, Peshawar and Islamabad. The Zhob Airport was used by NATO from 2009 to 2011[clarification needed]. However, it is once again under the control of Civil Aviation. It is a very important airport for Pakistan due to its location in the center of Pakistan. From Zhob Airport to anywhere in Pakistan the travel time is at most 1 hour. While it is not an international airport, it is a national airport, although not used as much as other airports of Pakistan.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.pbs.gov.pk/sites/default/files/[permanent dead link]/tables/POPULATION%20SIZE%20AND%20GROWTH%20OF%20MAJOR%20CITIES.pdf
  2. ^ Tehsils & Unions in the District of Zhob - Government of Pakistan
  3. ^ Zhob Background - Balochistan Police Website Archived 4 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Dawn News, .htm The cradle of Pathan culture[permanent dead link]
  5. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Zhob". Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 979. 
  6. ^ Chisholm 1911.
  7. ^ Fort Sandeman - Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 12, p. 103.
  8. ^ "Zhob(Pho) Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 16 January 2013. 
  9. ^ "PR to establish rail link Quetta to DI Khan via Zhob". PakTribune. Retrieved 1 April 2011. 

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