Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
[Taoism Audiobook] Musings of a Chinese Mystic (Teachings of Zhuangzi) The Way of Dao
[Taoism Audiobook] Musings of a Chinese Mystic (Teachings of Zhuangzi) The Way of Dao
Published: 2017/02/14
Channel: Free Audio Books for Intellectual Exercise
Zhuangzi (Zhuang Zhou) Quotes
Zhuangzi (Zhuang Zhou) Quotes
Published: 2012/12/07
Channel: Quoteswave
Zhuangzi shuo Chuang Tzu Part 1a
Zhuangzi shuo Chuang Tzu Part 1a
Published: 2010/03/31
Channel: harvardmr40
Daoist Physics Part II;  Butterfly (black hole) dreams he
Daoist Physics Part II; Butterfly (black hole) dreams he's a man. --Chuang Tzu
Published: 2015/08/23
Channel: BambooSound
Top 10 Quotes by Zhuang Zhou | Zhuang Zhou
Top 10 Quotes by Zhuang Zhou | Zhuang Zhou's Top 10 Quotes For Success
Published: 2016/12/17
Channel: Daily Life
Freshman Studies Lecture - Zhuangzi
Freshman Studies Lecture - Zhuangzi's BASIC WRITINGS
Published: 2011/03/10
Channel: LawrenceUniversity
Zhuang Zhou
Zhuang Zhou
Published: 2016/01/05
Channel: Audiopedia
The Stories of Chuang Tzu - EP 1: The Flight from the Shadow
The Stories of Chuang Tzu - EP 1: The Flight from the Shadow
Published: 2015/06/17
Channel: Cullen Vance
The Way of Chuang Tzu - By: Thomas Merton - Part 1 - AudioBookUniversity.com
The Way of Chuang Tzu - By: Thomas Merton - Part 1 - AudioBookUniversity.com
Published: 2013/09/01
Channel: AudioBookUniversity.com
Brook Ziporyn - Losing the Self in the Philosophy of Zhuangzi
Brook Ziporyn - Losing the Self in the Philosophy of Zhuangzi
Published: 2017/08/08
Channel: School of History Tel Aviv University
The Book of Lieh-Tzu (FULL Audiobook)
The Book of Lieh-Tzu (FULL Audiobook)
Published: 2013/11/21
Channel: FULL audio books for everyone
Zhouzhuang - An Amazing Water Town In China HD 2014
Zhouzhuang - An Amazing Water Town In China HD 2014
Published: 2014/09/29
Channel: V-Talk
Daoism (or Taoism) 2 - Zhuangzi
Daoism (or Taoism) 2 - Zhuangzi
Published: 2016/01/15
Channel: Dan O'Connor
[Taoism Audiobook] Musings of a Chinese Mystic (Teachings of Zhuangzi) The Way of Dao - 2017
[Taoism Audiobook] Musings of a Chinese Mystic (Teachings of Zhuangzi) The Way of Dao - 2017
Published: 2017/04/04
Channel: Matthew Alverez
Story: Zhuang Zi & the Fish
Story: Zhuang Zi & the Fish
Published: 2014/04/21
Channel: traditionalstudies
Zhuangzi - Top 10 Quotes
Zhuangzi - Top 10 Quotes
Published: 2011/12/09
Channel: iPerceptive
BOOKS: DeLillo, Six Records, Zhuang Zhou & Dangerous Laughter
BOOKS: DeLillo, Six Records, Zhuang Zhou & Dangerous Laughter
Published: 2011/03/28
Channel: Rosianna Halse Rojas
Zhou Zhuang Vacation Travel Video Guide
Zhou Zhuang Vacation Travel Video Guide
Published: 2015/01/16
Channel: Expoza Travel
Boris Golovin The Butterfly of Zhuangzi 庄子蝴蝶 Бабочка Чжуанцзы Zhuang Zhou
Boris Golovin The Butterfly of Zhuangzi 庄子蝴蝶 Бабочка Чжуанцзы Zhuang Zhou
Published: 2017/05/12
Channel: Nicholas Angel
Zhuang Zi philosophy related to Tai Chi and life
Zhuang Zi philosophy related to Tai Chi and life
Published: 2011/02/12
Channel: Ali Walmsley
[Kings of glory]Played a game, Zhuang Zhou
[Kings of glory]Played a game, Zhuang Zhou
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: Sleeve Leg
庄周梦蝶 Zhuang Zhou Dreams to be a Butterfly
庄周梦蝶 Zhuang Zhou Dreams to be a Butterfly
Published: 2009/03/18
Channel: sing0520
Chinese Wisdom (4) Zhuang Zhou on Liberty
Chinese Wisdom (4) Zhuang Zhou on Liberty
Published: 2016/12/18
Channel: Hei Sing Tso
Zhuangzi
Zhuangzi's Butterfly Dream
Published: 2015/01/20
Channel: hayashi manabu
Zhuangzi "A frog in a well cannot conceive of the ocean" (Quotes & Art)
Zhuangzi "A frog in a well cannot conceive of the ocean" (Quotes & Art)
Published: 2016/12/24
Channel: iPerceptive
Venice of China: Zhou Zhuang
Venice of China: Zhou Zhuang
Published: 2009/08/20
Channel: nterpri
The Butterfly Dream
The Butterfly Dream
Published: 2010/07/12
Channel: Advanced Virtual
Zhuang Zhou
Zhuang Zhou
Published: 2016/11/21
Channel: Anna Horne Kiefer - ad16
Claudio Lin 5:Zhuang Zhou
Claudio Lin 5:Zhuang Zhou
Published: 2017/09/13
Channel: 林郑亮
Musings of a Chinese Mystic Selections from the Philosophy of Chuang Tzu by Lionel Giles &  ZHUANGZI
Musings of a Chinese Mystic Selections from the Philosophy of Chuang Tzu by Lionel Giles & ZHUANGZI
Published: 2017/02/12
Channel: Audio Books Classic
Tao as the Central Factor.wmv
Tao as the Central Factor.wmv
Published: 2010/09/24
Channel: Icomewithsong1
The Book of Chuang Tzu | Book Discourse
The Book of Chuang Tzu | Book Discourse
Published: 2017/06/09
Channel: The Black Ponderer
A quote from Zhuang Zi
A quote from Zhuang Zi
Published: 2017/01/15
Channel: bmoconno
Zhou Zhuang Water Village 2010
Zhou Zhuang Water Village 2010
Published: 2010/09/15
Channel: mfdime
ZHOU ZHUANG 苏州 周庄 伴曲 南山南
ZHOU ZHUANG 苏州 周庄 伴曲 南山南
Published: 2016/01/25
Channel: Emmarco Pro
Summer Dream
Summer Dream
Published: 2017/08/24
Channel: Meng Xia
蘇州周莊旅遊 Suzhou, Zhou Zhuang  #1
蘇州周莊旅遊 Suzhou, Zhou Zhuang #1
Published: 2017/08/29
Channel: Kevin 的鏡頭下
Zhuangzi shuo Chuang Tzu Part 4a
Zhuangzi shuo Chuang Tzu Part 4a
Published: 2010/03/31
Channel: harvardmr40
KUN & PENG
KUN & PENG
Published: 2007/06/23
Channel: Jurrien Boogert
Сила искусства (Андрей Тарковский)
Сила искусства (Андрей Тарковский)
Published: 2012/09/06
Channel: zhuang zhou
Livia Kohn: Zhuangzi on Perfect Happiness Part 2 of 4
Livia Kohn: Zhuangzi on Perfect Happiness Part 2 of 4
Published: 2016/10/10
Channel: nbhandari3
Taoism - Class 4 - Zhuangzi Basic Writings
Taoism - Class 4 - Zhuangzi Basic Writings
Published: 2010/10/17
Channel: SpiritEye
Chen-Yang Xu: Zhuangzi Dreaming of the Butterfly (Part 3), for solo piano
Chen-Yang Xu: Zhuangzi Dreaming of the Butterfly (Part 3), for solo piano
Published: 2017/05/29
Channel: Chen-Yang Xu
ZhouZhuang Ancient Water Town/周庄镇 - Jiangsu Province
ZhouZhuang Ancient Water Town/周庄镇 - Jiangsu Province
Published: 2015/01/17
Channel: Suedwester
Zhuangzi on calligraphy
Zhuangzi on calligraphy
Published: 2017/07/01
Channel: p1kara1
Shanghai Zhou Zhuang Folk Song on a boat ride.wmv
Shanghai Zhou Zhuang Folk Song on a boat ride.wmv
Published: 2012/03/06
Channel: pristeo2004
The Inner Teachings of Chuang Tzu: Chapter 6 - P1/2
The Inner Teachings of Chuang Tzu: Chapter 6 - P1/2
Published: 2010/11/01
Channel: Supreme Master Television
El libro de Zhuang Zi - Capítulo 1 - Libre caminar
El libro de Zhuang Zi - Capítulo 1 - Libre caminar
Published: 2012/04/05
Channel: plumaypapel
The Linguist by Steve Kaufmann - Introduction - Zhuangzi
The Linguist by Steve Kaufmann - Introduction - Zhuangzi's Crooked Tree
Published: 2014/03/01
Channel: DingLabs
Tour Zhou Zhuang China Part 3_Sally Ho
Tour Zhou Zhuang China Part 3_Sally Ho
Published: 2017/07/04
Channel: Sally Ho
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Zhuangzi (莊子)
Zhuang Zhou (莊周)
Zhuangzi.gif
Born c. 369BC
Died c. 286BC
Era Ancient philosophy
Region Chinese philosophy
School Taoism
Zhuang Zhou
Traditional Chinese 莊周
Simplified Chinese 庄周
Alternative Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 莊子
Simplified Chinese 庄子
Literal meaning "Master Zhuang"

Zhuang Zhou, often known as Zhuangzi ("Master Zhuang"),[a] was an influential Chinese philosopher who lived around the 4th century BC during the Warring States period, a period corresponding to the summit of Chinese philosophy, the Hundred Schools of Thought. He is credited with writing—in part or in whole—a work known by his name, the Zhuangzi, which is one of the foundational texts of Daoism.

Life[edit]

The only account of the life of Zhuangzi is a brief sketch in chapter 63 of Sima Qian's Records of the Grand Historian, and most of the information it contains seems to have simply been drawn from anecdotes in the Zhuangzi itself.[1] In Sima's biography, he is described as a minor official from the town of Meng (in modern Anhui) in the state of Song, living in the time of King Hui of Liang and King Xuan of Qi (late 4th century BC).[2] Sima Qian writes:

Chuang-Tze had made himself well acquainted with all the literature of his time, but preferred the views of Lao-Tze; and ranked himself among his followers, so that of the more than ten myriads of characters contained in his published writings the greater part are occupied with metaphorical illustrations of Lao's doctrines. He made "The Old Fisherman," "The Robber Chih," and "The Cutting open Satchels," to satirize and expose the disciples of Confucius, and clearly exhibit the sentiments of Lao. Such names and characters as "Wei-lei Hsu" and "Khang-sang Tze" are fictitious, and the pieces where they occur are not to be understood as narratives of real events.
But Chuang was an admirable writer and skillful composer, and by his instances and truthful descriptions hit and exposed the Mohists and Literati. The ablest scholars of his day could not escape his satire nor reply to it, while he allowed and enjoyed himself with his sparkling, dashing style; and thus it was that the greatest men, even kings and princes, could not use him for their purposes.
King Wei of Chu, having heard of the ability of Chuang Chau, sent messengers with large gifts to bring him to his court, and promising also that he would make him his chief minister. Chuang-Tze, however, only laughed and said to them, "A thousand ounces of silver are a great gain to me; and to be a high noble and minister is a most honorable position. But have you not seen the victim-ox for the border sacrifice? It is carefully fed for several years, and robed with rich embroidery that it may be fit to enter the Grand Temple. When the time comes for it to do so, it would prefer to be a little pig, but it can not get to be so. Go away quickly, and do not soil me with your presence. I had rather amuse and enjoy myself in the midst of a filthy ditch than be subject to the rules and restrictions in the court of a sovereign. I have determined never to take office, but prefer the enjoyment of my own free will."[3]

The validity of his existence has been questioned by some, including Russell Kirkland, who writes:

According to modern understandings of Chinese tradition, the text known as the Chuang-tzu was the production of a 'Taoist' thinker of ancient China named Chuang Chou/Zhuang Zhou. In reality, it was nothing of the sort. The Chuang-tzu known to us today was the production of a thinker of the third century CE named Kuo Hsiang. Though Kuo was long called merely a 'commentator,' he was in reality much more: he arranged the texts and compiled the present 33-chapter edition. Regarding the identity of the original person named Chuang Chou/Zhuangzi, there is no reliable historical data at all.[4]

However, Sima Qian's biography of Zhuangzi pre-dates Guo Xiang (Kuo Hsiang) by centuries. Furthermore, the Han Shu "Yiwenzhi" (Monograph on literature) lists a text Zhuangzi, showing that a text with this title existed no later than the early 1st century CE, again pre-dating Guo Xiang by centuries.

Writing[edit]

Zhuangzi is traditionally credited as the author of at least part of the work bearing his name, the Zhuangzi. This work, in its current shape consisting of 33 chapters, is traditionally divided into three parts: the first, known as the "Inner Chapters", consists of the first seven chapters; the second, known as the "Outer Chapters", consist of the next 15 chapters; the last, known as the "Mixed Chapters", consist of the remaining 11 chapters. The meaning of these three names is disputed: according to Guo Xiang, the "Inner Chapters" were written by Zhuangzi, the "Outer Chapters" written by his disciples, and the "Mixed Chapters" by other hands; the other interpretation is that the names refer to the origin of the titles of the chapters—the "Inner Chapters" take their titles from phrases inside the chapter, the "Outer Chapters" from the opening words of the chapters, and the "Mixed Chapters" from a mixture of these two sources.[5]

Further study of the text does not provide a clear choice between these alternatives. On the one side, as Martin Palmer points out in the introduction to his translation, two of the three chapters Sima Qian cited in his biography of Zhuangzi, come from the "Outer Chapters" and the third from the "Mixed Chapters". "Neither of these are allowed as authentic Chuang Tzu chapters by certain purists, yet they breathe the very spirit of Chuang Tzu just as much as, for example, the famous 'butterfly passage' of chapter 2."[6]

On the other hand, chapter 33 has been often considered as intrusive, being a survey of the major movements during the "Hundred Schools of Thought" with an emphasis on the philosophy of Hui Shi. Further, A.C. Graham and other critics have subjected the text to a stylistic analysis and identified four strains of thought in the book: a) the ideas of Zhuangzi or his disciples; b) a "primitivist" strain of thinking similar to Laozi; c) a strain very strongly represented in chapters 8-11 which is attributed to the philosophy of Yang Chu; and d) a fourth strain which may be related to the philosophical school of Huang-Lao.[7] In this spirit, Martin Palmer wrote that "trying to read Chuang Tzu sequentially is a mistake. The text is a collection, not a developing argument."[8]

Zhuangzi was renowned for his brilliant wordplay and use of parables to convey messages. His critiques of Confucian society and historical figures are humorous and at times ironic.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Other romanizations include Zhuang Tze, Chuang Chou, Chuang Tsu, Chuang Tzu, Chouang-Dsi, Chuang Tse, or Chuangtze.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mair (1994), p. xxxi-xxxiii.
  2. ^ Ziporyn (2009), p. vii.
  3. ^ Horne (1917), pp. 397–398.
  4. ^ Kirkland (2004), pp. 33–34.
  5. ^ Roth (1993), pp. 56–57.
  6. ^ Palmer (1996), p. xix.
  7. ^ Schwartz (1985), p. 216.
  8. ^ Palmer (1996), p. x.
  • Ames, Roger T. (1991), ‘The Mencian Concept of Ren Xing: Does it Mean Human Nature?’ in Chinese Texts and Philosophical Contexts, ed. Henry Rosemont, Jr. LaSalle, Ill.: Open Court Press.
  • Ames, Roger T. (1998) ed. Wandering at Ease in the Zhuangzi. Albany: State University of New York Press.
  • Bruya, Brian (translator). (1992). Zhuangzi Speaks: The Music of Nature. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-00882-0.
  • Chan, Wing-Tsit (1963). A Source Book In Chinese Philosophy. USA: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-01964-9. 
  • Chang, Chung-yuan (1963). Creativity and Taoism: A Study of Chinese Philosophy, Art, and Poetry. New York: Julian Press. 
  • Creel, Herrlee G. (1982). What is Taoism? : and other studies in Chinese cultural history. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-12047-3. 
  • Hansen, Chad (2003). "The Relatively Happy Fish," Asian Philosophy 13:145-164.
  • Horne, Charles F., ed. (1917). The Sacred Books and Early Literature of the East, Volume XII: Medieval China. New York: Parke. 
  • Kirkland, Russell (2004). Taoism: The Enduring Tradition. New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-26321-4. 
  • Mair, Victor H. (1994). Wandering on the Way: Early Taoist Tales and Parables of Chuang Tzu. New York: Bantam Books. ISBN 0-553-37406-0.  (Google Books)
  • Merton, Thomas. (1969). The Way of Chuang Tzu. New York: New Directions.
  • Palmer, Martin (1996). The Book of Chuang Tzu. Penguin. ISBN 978-0-14-019488-3. 
  • Roth, H. D. (1993). "Chuang tzu 莊子". In Loewe, Michael. Early Chinese Texts: A Bibliographical Guide. Berkeley: Society for the Study of Early China; Institute of East Asian Studies, University of California Berkeley. pp. 56–66. ISBN 1-55729-043-1. 
  • Schwartz, Benjamin J. (1985). The World of Thought in Ancient China. Cambridge: Belknap Press. ISBN 978-0-674-96191-3. 
  • Waltham, Clae (editor). (1971). Chuang Tzu: Genius of the Absurd. New York: Ace Books.
  • Watson, Burton (1962). Early Chinese Literature. New York: Columbia University Press. 
  • Watts, Alan with Huan, Al Chung-liang (1975). Tao: The Watercourse Way. New York: Pantheon Books. ISBN 0-394-73311-8. 
  • Ziporyn, Brook (2009). Zhuangzi: The Essential Writings with Selections from Traditional Commentaries Hackett Classics Series. Hackett Publishing. ISBN 978-1-60384-435-2. 

External links[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license