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We Are Nlaka
We Are Nlaka'pamux
Published: 2013/01/06
Channel: Nlakapamux
Nlaka
Nlaka'pamux Gathering (1994?)
Published: 2014/06/18
Channel: dustika
We Are Nlaka
We Are Nlaka'pamux
Published: 2012/08/14
Channel: ReelYouth
Nlaka
Nlaka'pamux Language Project
Published: 2016/02/15
Channel: Cook's Ferry Indian Band
Hand drum songs - Nlaka
Hand drum songs - Nlaka'pamux Nation
Published: 2011/06/02
Channel: JAMAICASKY
Nlaka
Nlaka'pamux Language Project
Published: 2016/03/29
Channel: Cook's Ferry Indian Band
Nlaka
Nlaka'pamux Cafe
Published: 2012/03/16
Channel: personwastingtime
Nlaka
Nlaka'pamux Language Project
Published: 2016/04/03
Channel: Cook's Ferry Indian Band
Be Silent!
Be Silent!
Published: 2017/09/25
Channel: Citxw Nlaka'pamux Assembly
Nlaka
Nlaka'pamux Language Project
Published: 2016/05/17
Channel: Cook's Ferry Indian Band
Nlaka
Nlaka'pamux Language Project
Published: 2016/02/26
Channel: Cook's Ferry Indian Band
Nlaka
Nlaka'pamux Language Project
Published: 2016/05/03
Channel: Cook's Ferry Indian Band
Nlaka
Nlaka'pamux Elder Speaks Out!
Published: 2017/07/09
Channel: Nadine Spence
Nlaka
Nlaka'pamux Nation Horses
Published: 2012/06/21
Channel: CO SH
Harron Kaykaitkw - Syilx and Nlaka
Harron Kaykaitkw - Syilx and Nlaka'pamux
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: Audrey Huntley
Idle No More - Lytton B.C. [Nlaka
Idle No More - Lytton B.C. [Nlaka'pamux Nation]
Published: 2013/01/19
Channel: Nlakapamux
Stein Valley Nlaka
Stein Valley Nlaka'pamux Heritage Park Traverse 2014
Published: 2015/03/27
Channel: Dion Kaszas
Nlaka
Nlaka'pamux Tough Mudders
Published: 2014/06/24
Channel: Jade Baxter
On July 7th
On July 7th
Published: 2017/09/25
Channel: Citxw Nlaka'pamux Assembly
CNA 2016 Youth Conference on Multimedia & Arts
CNA 2016 Youth Conference on Multimedia & Arts
Published: 2016/11/01
Channel: Citxw Nlaka'pamux Assembly
Stein Valley Nlaka
Stein Valley Nlaka'pamux Traverse
Published: 2014/03/27
Channel: Dion Kaszas
Nlaka
Nlaka'Pamux Spear Head Or Native Tool Found On Chilliwack Lake
Published: 2017/10/09
Channel: Green Team BC
PIPELINE POLITICS: Billie Pierre, Nlaka
PIPELINE POLITICS: Billie Pierre, Nlaka'Pamux First Nation
Published: 2017/06/02
Channel: Socialist.Ca Video
Mike Hill - Nlaka
Mike Hill - Nlaka'pamux First Nations Artist - Victoria, BC
Published: 2011/06/14
Channel: editswords
Stein Valley 2017
Stein Valley 2017
Published: 2017/05/05
Channel: Zoe V
Nlaka
Nlaka'pamux Nation Pit Oven Feast (September 2013)
Published: 2013/10/03
Channel: Dwayne Rourke
NLX RADIO! Radio of the Nlaka
NLX RADIO! Radio of the Nlaka'pamux People
Published: 2017/09/08
Channel: Citxw Nlaka'pamux Assembly
For Generations our Nlaka
For Generations our Nlaka'pamux People fished here.
Published: 2017/08/05
Channel: Nadine Spence
Tribute to Nlaka’pamux Salish Artist/Carver/Friend Ernie Adams
Tribute to Nlaka’pamux Salish Artist/Carver/Friend Ernie Adams
Published: 2010/11/05
Channel: TonyHardie
Nlaka
Nlaka'pamux drummers and singers at the Lower Nicola Indian Band School
Published: 2012/06/20
Channel: CO SH
2014-06-24 Speak From Day 1 - Favorite Phrase (Nlaka
2014-06-24 Speak From Day 1 - Favorite Phrase (Nlaka'pamux) #fi3m
Published: 2014/06/24
Channel: Syəmyịm Norton
2014-06-24 Speak From Day 1 - Simple Introduction (Nlaka
2014-06-24 Speak From Day 1 - Simple Introduction (Nlaka'pamux) #fi3m
Published: 2014/06/24
Channel: Syəmyịm Norton
Free Bread!
Free Bread!
Published: 2017/09/25
Channel: Citxw Nlaka'pamux Assembly
Important To Read
Important To Read
Published: 2017/09/25
Channel: Citxw Nlaka'pamux Assembly
Stein Valley Overnight
Stein Valley Overnight
Published: 2015/05/23
Channel: The Canwest Backpacker
Swooshum
Swooshum
Published: 2013/10/16
Channel: Nlakapamux
The Stein Valley Traverse
The Stein Valley Traverse
Published: 2012/09/06
Channel: StormyMountain
1985 Stein Alpine Gathering
1985 Stein Alpine Gathering
Published: 2011/07/29
Channel: Joe Foy
Better and Better
Better and Better
Published: 2012/08/14
Channel: ReelYouth
Stein Valley Episode III: Path of the Ancients
Stein Valley Episode III: Path of the Ancients
Published: 2012/06/23
Channel: GranSmittyCollective
PANEL 01
PANEL 01
Published: 2017/01/25
Channel: Ignite
Stein Valley Traverse 2015
Stein Valley Traverse 2015
Published: 2015/09/07
Channel: Cosmic Turtle
Eagles in Springs  - Nlakapamux Nation.wmv
Eagles in Springs - Nlakapamux Nation.wmv
Published: 2012/06/19
Channel: CO SH
Nlakapamux Cafe
Nlakapamux Cafe
Published: 2012/03/13
Channel: personwastingtime
Metropolis Dance at The Stein Valley Festival 1989.
Metropolis Dance at The Stein Valley Festival 1989.
Published: 2011/01/13
Channel: christine elsey
CNA 2016 Youth Conference - Music Video - Youth
CNA 2016 Youth Conference - Music Video - Youth's Version of KASP's "On A Roll"
Published: 2016/10/19
Channel: Citxw Nlaka'pamux Assembly
Stein Valley
Stein Valley
Published: 2015/05/19
Channel: The Canwest Backpacker
Grand Opening  of Memorial to Honor The Interior Allied Tribes of BC 1908 -- 1922
Grand Opening of Memorial to Honor The Interior Allied Tribes of BC 1908 -- 1922
Published: 2010/06/16
Channel: Dwayne Rourke
Stein Valley | 44 km Hike | Cliff Jump | VaHil Productions
Stein Valley | 44 km Hike | Cliff Jump | VaHil Productions
Published: 2017/05/20
Channel: VaHil Productions
Stein Valley 2015
Stein Valley 2015
Published: 2015/05/19
Channel: Poco South
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Nlaka'pamux
Nlaka'pamux.jpg
Members of a Nlaka’pamux community, circa 1914.
Total population
(5,000 (2007)[1])
Regions with significant populations
 Canada ( British Columbia),
 United States ( Washington)
Languages
English, Nlaka'pamuctsin
Religion
Christianity (Anglicanism and Catholicism), Animism
Related ethnic groups
Okanagan, Nicola people, Nicola Athapaskans

The Nlaka'pamux or Nlakapamuk[2] (/ɪŋkləˈkæpmə/ ing-klə-KAP-mə;[3] Salish [nɬeʔképmx]), also previously known as the Thompson, Thompson River Salish, Thompson Salish, Thompson River Indians or Thompson River people, and historically as the Klackarpun,[4] Haukamaugh, Knife Indians and Couteau Indians, are an indigenous First Nations people of the Interior Salish language group in southern British Columbia. Their traditional territory includes parts of the North Cascades region of Washington.

Other names[edit]

Frontier-era histories and maps transliterate the name Nlaka'pamux as Hakamaugh or Klackarpun; they were also known as the Couteau, Kootomin[5] or Knife Indians. In the dialect of the Thompson language used by the Ashcroft Indian Band, the variant Nl'akapxm is used.

The Nlaka'pamux of the Nicola Valley, who are all in the Nicola Tribal Association reserves refer to themselves Scw'exmx and speak a different dialect of the Thompson language. Together with the Spaxomin people, a branch of the Okanagan people (Syilx) who live in the upper Nicola valley and also belong to the Nicola Tribal Association, they are collectively known as the Nicola people, or Nicolas.

Religion[edit]

The Nlaka'pamux were the object of both Anglican and Roman Catholic missionary efforts in the nineteenth century, resulting in the vast majority belonging to one of the two denominations by the beginning of the Twentieth Century.[6]

Governments[edit]

The Nlaka'pamux Nation Tribal Council despite its name does not include all Nlaka'pamux people, but is one of two main tribal bodies within the region, the other being the Nicola Tribal Association. The Lytton First Nation or Lytton Band, focussed on the town of the same name, which is named Camchin or Kumsheen in the Nlaka'pamux language and is one of the largest Nlaka'pamux communities, does not belong to any of the three Tribal Association. Lower Nicola Indian band[7] is also independent of all and any Tribal affiliations and is located in Lower Nicola, British Columbia, Canada.

None of the Nlaka'pamux governments are in the British Columbia Treaty Commission process at present.[8]

Nlaka'pamux Nation Tribal Council[edit]

Nicola Valley Tribal Association[edit]

A Nlaka'pamux table.

Unaffiliated[edit]

Language[edit]

The Nlaka'pamux speak an Interior Salishan language named nɬeʔkepmxcín, usually transliterated as Nlaka'pamuxtsn and known in English as the Thompson language. The Scw'exmx of the Nicola Valley speak a dialect also called Scw'exmx.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Thompson at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Keith Thor Carlson (2007), Precedent and the Aboriginal Response to Global Incursions: Smallpox and Identity Reformation Among the Coast Salish, Journal of the Canadian Historical Association / Revue de la Société historique du Canada. Vol. 18, No. 2, 2007, p. 165–201
  3. ^ "Pronunciation Guide to First Nations in British Columbia". Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada. 2010-09-15. Retrieved 2013-05-14. 
  4. ^ [on 1859 map by Lieut. R.C. Mayne, Royal Engineers],
  5. ^ Kootomin is a nativized variant of the French couteau
  6. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Thompson River Indians". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 
  7. ^ Lower Nicola Indian band homepage
  8. ^ List of First Communities in BC, BC Treaty Commission

Bibliography[edit]

  • Thompson River Salish Dictionary

Compiled by Laurence C. Thompson and M. Terry Thompson

  • They Write Their Dreams on the Rock Forever: Rock Writings in the Stein River Valley of British Columbia (with Chris Arnett and Richard Daly
  • Spuzzum: Fraser Canyon Histories, with Andrea LaForet
  • Historical Atlas of British Columbia and the Pacific Northwest, Derek Hayes, Cavendish Books, Vancouver (1999) ISBN
  • The Resettlement of British Columbia: Essays on Colonialism & Geographical Change, University of British Columbia Press; New Ed edition (January 1997) ISBN
  • Shirley Sterling (1997). My Name is Seepeetza. Douglas and McIntyre, Inc. ISBN 0-88899-290-4. 
  • NLaka'pamux Language CD by Barbara Joe(2005){Editor/Producer/Technical: Dr. Shawn E. Swakum D.D}
  • Shackan Stories by Jim Toodlican(2006){Editor/Producer/Technical: Shawn E. Swakum D.D}

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